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联邦能源管理委员会 criticised for ‘blank check approval’ to pipeline builders

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负责批准州际天然气管道项目的美国联邦机构将其决定基于合同而非今天’能源经济与金融分析研究所(IEEFA)发布的报告显示,消费者的能源需求或公共利益。

那个报告—FERC’未能分析能源市场力量—详细介绍了仅凭天然气的商业合同如何促使联邦能源管理委员会(FERC)批准管道,即使它们不’对于公众和投资者来说,在财务上是有意义的。

“FERC依靠错误的前提来评估拟议中的管道’s necessity,”IEEFA能源分析师,报告的合著者Suzanne Mattei说。“The problems facing the gas market today are rooted in an oversupply of gas, low prices and shrinking demand due to energy efficiency and growing competition from renewables. When 联邦能源管理委员会 made the rules in 1999, gas prices were higher and the market was more predictable.”

Three major pipelines were scrapped in 2020 after winning 联邦能源管理委员会 approval, due in large part to factors that an efficient agency would have identified earlier. Their failure was a clear indication that 联邦能源管理委员会 needs to update its guidance, begin asking questions and start making decisions based on market conditions, rather than on a 21-year-old policy.

联邦能源管理委员会’未能正确审查管道建议会使开发人员将私有财产用于最终失败的交易。批准管道内的土地所有者’s path are forced under eminent domain to sell their property to the developer. The federal Natural Gas Act authorizes the taking of the land, but 联邦能源管理委员会 is supposed to analyse and balance the interests. Pipeline developers should not be allowed to take private land for a project that is unnecessary and not in the public interest.

The commission also rubber-stamps projects that rely on international gas export contracts. The owners of land in the path of a pipeline would be subject to the threat of eminent domain, even when the pipeline is serving the interests of companies 要么 customers in another country. 联邦能源管理委员会 should not approve such projects without analysing the uncertainties associated with the international gas market and the country where the gas is expected to be sold.

批准国内市场上不必要的管道也给不公平的负担增加了负担。“captive”纳税人或无权使用公用事业的公用事业客户’财务决策不力。州委员会通常将天然气价格设定为管道开发商确定的费率’的资本投资。这种方法意味着它没有’无论使用多少天然气,建筑商都将基于“reasonable”他们的投资回报。这些费用将转嫁给公用事业,最终由纳税人承担。

In April 2018, 联邦能源管理委员会 asked the public to identify factors that should be used when considering approval of pipeline projects. More than two years have passed since the request, however, and the commission has taken no action. Meanwhile, 联邦能源管理委员会 continues to approve new pipelines for gas that is not likely to be needed, at a time when a glut exists and major utilities are moving from gas-fired power plants to cleaner and less costly renewable energy.

“当产能过剩而需求太少时,增加管道需要更多理由来证明为业主和公共利益带来的负担和牺牲,”IEEFA的Tom Sanzillo说’的财务分析总监和报告的共同作者。“Today’在石油和天然气行业的投资属于高风险,低回报的领域。这与行业的长期趋势有关,该趋势已改变了投资方案。”

Read the 文章 online at: //www.cqfcyy.com/regulations-and-standards/30122020/ferc-criticised-for-blank-check-approval-to-pipeline-builders/

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