“FERC依靠错误的前提来评估拟议中的管道’s necessity,”IEEFA能源分析师，报告的合著者Suzanne Mattei说。“The problems facing the gas market today are rooted in an oversupply of gas, low prices and shrinking demand due to energy efficiency and growing competition from renewables. When 联邦能源管理委员会 made the rules in 1999, gas prices were higher and the market was more predictable.”
Three major pipelines were scrapped in 2020 after winning 联邦能源管理委员会 approval, due in large part to factors that an efficient agency would have identified earlier. Their failure was a clear indication that 联邦能源管理委员会 needs to update its guidance, begin asking questions and start making decisions based on market conditions, rather than on a 21-year-old policy.
联邦能源管理委员会’未能正确审查管道建议会使开发人员将私有财产用于最终失败的交易。批准管道内的土地所有者’s path are forced under eminent domain to sell their property to the developer. The federal Natural Gas Act authorizes the taking of the land, but 联邦能源管理委员会 is supposed to analyse and balance the interests. Pipeline developers should not be allowed to take private land for a project that is unnecessary and not in the public interest.
The commission also rubber-stamps projects that rely on international gas export contracts. The owners of land in the path of a pipeline would be subject to the threat of eminent domain, even when the pipeline is serving the interests of companies 要么 customers in another country. 联邦能源管理委员会 should not approve such projects without analysing the uncertainties associated with the international gas market and the country where the gas is expected to be sold.
In April 2018, 联邦能源管理委员会 asked the public to identify factors that should be used when considering approval of pipeline projects. More than two years have passed since the request, however, and the commission has taken no action. Meanwhile, 联邦能源管理委员会 continues to approve new pipelines for gas that is not likely to be needed, at a time when a glut exists and major utilities are moving from gas-fired power plants to cleaner and less costly renewable energy.
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